Prehistory and protohistory
200,000 BC - 800 AD
Long before written sources existed, humans learned how to control fire and utilize tools. They subsisted on hunting and fruits provided by nature. Thus began the evolution of culture.
The display presents the development of tools, ornaments, vessels and weapons in Europe from the Stone Age up until the Carolingian era. The exhibition begins with a approximately 200,000 year old hand axe, a universal tool made of flint. Among the most significant objects are the Golden Cone of Ezelsdorf-Buch (the headdress of a Bronze Age sun priest), a sumptuous 2,500 year old eagle fibula and a richly decorated Roman parade helmet.
Examples of objects
Goldkegel von Ezelsdorf-Buch
Urnenfelderzeit, 1100-800 v. Chr.
Völkerwanderungszeit, um 500 n. Chr.
Hallstattzeit, 700-500 v. Chr.
Römische Kaiserzeit, Mittelfranken, 2. H. 2. Jh. n. Chr.